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科学如何解决争论的两个著名的蒙克和达芬奇的画吗


编辑:admin 时间:2018-09-28

Two exciting *****s presented this week at the European Geosciences Union (EGU) in Vienna, Austria could settle the debate around two of the world’;s most famous paintings。 The researchers argue The Scream by Edvard 大发Munch was inspired by a rare type of cloud and that a geological analysis suggests The Virgin of the Rocks on display in the National Gallery in London can not be attributed to Leonardo da Vinci。

The scream

Left: The Scream by Edvard Munch; Right: Mother-of-pearl clouds near Oslo, Norway, half an hour after sunset。 Credit: Svein M。 Fikke。

Left: The Scream by Edvard Munch; Right: Mother-of-pearl clouds near Oslo, Norway, half an hour after sunset。 Credit: Svein M。 Fikke。

Munch’;s 19th-century masterpiece The Scream is one of the most recognizable paintings in the world。 It’;s been featured countless times in pop culture with various renditions appearing in film, literature, art, and animation。 But no one really knows what inspired Munch to paint that incredible orange-red sky。 The pet-favorite theory is that the volcanic eruption of Krakatoa in 1883 which caused the European sky to shine in fiery hues is what ultimately influenced Munch when he completed the painting in 1893。 Others have suggested that Munch was inspired by the proximity of a madhouse and a slaughterhouse to the artwork’s subject’s supposed Oslo location。

Helene Muri of the Department of Geosciences of the University of Oslo has a different take on the matter。 She claims that despite the fact that Krakatoa’;s eruption in Indonesia caused colorful sunrises and sunsets, the injected particles in the stratosphere couldn’;t have produced the wavy textures seen in the famous painting。 Instead, she identified a natural phenomenon that much better resembles Munch’;s distorted sky。 Namely, polar stratospheric clouds, also called nacreous or mother-of-pearl clouds。

These rare clouds form when stormy weather causes moist air to bang up against mountainsides and pushed up into the stratosphere where it condenses into ice crystals。 These crystals are too thin to be seen with the naked eye during the day, but when the sunset shines from below, the crystals suspended in the clouds display the exact color and texture that Munch featured in his opus。 According to Muri, mother-of-pearl clouds appear only four times a year。

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